FD&C Act (United States, 1998a) defined a food-contact substance as "any substance intended for use as a component of materials used in manufacturing, packing, packaging, transporting, or holding food if such use is not intended to have a technical effect in such food."
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) established the Division of Food Contact Notification and Review within the Office of Food Additive Safety, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition's (CFSAN), to ensure components of food contact articles, including food packaging and processing equipment, are safe for their intended use. These articles are composed of food contact materials, that contain or are made of food contact substances (FCSs). FCSs typically include coatings, plastics, paper, adhesives, colorants, antimicrobials, and antioxidants. FCSs are evaluated primarily through the food contact notification (FCN) program; Food contact notifications are required only for new uses of FCSs that are food additives. A notification is not required for a food contact substance that is Generally Recognized as Safe or prior sanctioned for its intended use in contact with food.
It is the responsibility of the manufacturer of an FCS to ensure that food contact materials comply with the specifications and limitations in all applicable authorizations.
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